Engineered Wood Products
Engineered wood takes many forms, and there are a number of
products that are made from man-made wood or composite wood. Engineered wood is manufactured by binding fibers, veneers, or wood strands together with adhesives. Though many engineered wood products are made from the same wood that is used to produce lumber (softwoods and hardwoods), it is also possible to create non-wood materials that imitate wood, like sugar cane stalks and wheat and rye straw. These include: fiberboard, hardboard, glued laminated timber, masonite, particleboard, plywood, medium-density fiberboard, and oriented strand board.
Characteristics of Engineered Wood
Engineered Wood is man-made; and can be designed to meet any application. Since large panels of wood are often hard to come by, engineered wood is an excellent alternative because large pieces of wood may be constructed from smaller trees.
This doesn’t necessarily mean it will be less expensive than solid wood. Manufacturing the large piece will simply be easier and quicker. Another useful characteristic of engineered wood is that it is often more stable than its solid wood counterparts. Engineered wood is stronger and less prone to warping (expansion and contraction of the wood that creates problems like raised boards) from humidity.
Engineered Wood Flooring
Engineered wood flooring
can be equivalent in price to solid wood floors and are just as desirable for various reasons. If you are renovating your floors, engineered wood may be practical because it is relatively thin (up to 5/8 inches) and can be installed over existing flooring, which minimizes the floors height increase.
There are various available installation options for engineered wood floors, including: glue down, staple down, and free-floating.
The glue down method attaches the main floor to a sub-floor with a strong adhesive, the staple down technique staples the main floor to the sub-floor, and the use of a free floating floor, the most popular method of installation. The free floating method causes the wood to 'float' above the sub- floor.