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Flooring Moldings Underlayment and Glue.

Posted: Friday, January 10, 2014

Choosing the Right Moldings, Underlayment and Glue For Your Flooring Project

Determining the right amount of flooring you’ll need for your project is always a challenge, although online flooring calculators do make the process a little bit easier. Yet, even if you’ve mastered and conquered the art of flooring calculations, you’re not completely ready to embark on your project. Next up is determining your amount (and type) of moldings, underlayment, and glue. As with flooring, there are online calculators to help you along the way. However, before you start calculating, you need to know what to look for in each of these areas.

Here’s a helpful breakdown:

Moldings

Moldings and transition pieces seem to get overlooked far too often. While we all look at, and appreciate, our flooring, it’s our moldings that make it all possible and sensible. And while molding is always a good choice for your flooring, when it comes to floating systems (like in laminate flooring or click-lock installs), your molding is absolutely required.

The Basics

If you’re in the market for the absolute basics of molding, then you’ll need your standard quarter round and basic transition pieces (including T-molding, stair noses, and surface reducers). But there are other styles available, including more decorative pieces, which can add to your floor’s beauty.

Molding Breakdown

T-molding is used in doorways, as well as a joining piece for wood floors. T-Molding
Carpet reducer or end molding is a molding that’s specifically designed to transition smoothly from hardwood to carpet. End Molding
Hard surface reducer is a bit different than T-molding. T-molding can transition from wood to another hard surface, so long as these surfaces are of equal height. With a hard surface reducer, you can transition from wood to another hard surface that’s at a different height. Carpet Reducer
Stair nose is a piece that’s used for steps and stairways. Stair Nose
Quarter round will help cover up space that’s near your baseboards and stair steps. Quarter Round
Base Boards are similar to quarter rounds but offer a little more style and coverage. They also improve the look of any room. Baseboards

Knowing what type of molding you require will help you to better benefit from online calculators.

Underlayment

Why do you need underlayment? The question really should be - why wouldn’t you need it? Think of underlayment like the meat of the sandwich (bottom layer is your subfloor, top layer is your finish floor). Underlayment helps to smooth out your subfloor, fill out any cracks, dips, rises and other imperfections, will provide sound insulation, will help your floor feel softer, will protect your floor from moisture, and will protect your floor over time as it settles.

Yup, underlayment does all of that, which is why choosing the right kind is essential. Depending on the flooring you need, you’ll likely require a specific kind of underlayment. So, what Cork Underlaymenttypes of underlayment should you choose?

There are many types of underlayment. Cork has grown in popularity because of its softness and sound control, and is pretty versatile in the types of flooring it can be installed under. Cork is naturally resistant to mold, mildew and insects, making it quite the handy tool for an underlayment. However, cork and foam underlayment provide a minimum buffer between finish floor and subfloor.

Plywood is puncture resistant and is often used for all dry applications (hardwood, laminate, and Cork Underlaymentengineered wood). It can be a hassle to use plywood, what with cutting the sheets to size and hauling the materials home, thus people are often inclined to go with foam or cork. But plywood underlayment provides a far superior finished product and service for your flooring.

What to Know About Underlayment

Whichever type of underlayment you choose, your goal is to make this layer as thin as possible. Thicker underlayment will likely cause problems down the road. Click Here to use our online calculator to determine the right amount of underlayment you’ll need for your flooring. First select the type of flooring and on the next page you will see the underlayment calculator.

Glues

Flooring GlueIf you use the wrong type of glue for your flooring installation, you’re bound to encounter problems down the line. Often times, do-it-yourself installers will turn to the inexpensive adhesives, assuming that these adhesives are as a good, and versatile, as any of the more expensive versions.

But that’s not always the case. Here’s a breakdown of the type of glues and adhesives available for your flooring installation.

Polyurethanes offers a phenomenal mechanical bond with concrete, allowing your solid wood floor to affix to the subfloor without being compromised by water when cured. One side effect of polyurethanes that many people notice is that these adhesives create a strong bond with the finish on the top of wood flooring, making cleaning up spills difficult unless you get at the spot before it dries.

Acrylics have a rebounding capacity, meaning that you can weight a section of flooring and have it bond after the rest of the floor was installed. This type of adhesive, when used properly, has proven to be most effective for engineered flooring, but does not perform as well as polyurethanes in wet environments.

A Note About Floating Floor Installation Systems

So, you’ve gone with a floating floor installation and have concluded that this means you don’t need to worry yourself about glue. True, this type of installation is dubbed as “glueless,” however, glue acts as a barrier that prevents moisture from seeping into the areas where two laminate flooring planks come together. This is particularly important for high-moisture areas, such as mudrooms and bathrooms. In these cases, you’ll want to have complete control over the amount of glue you dispense, so go with a bottle that regulates the amount of glue that comes out.

There’s a lot that goes into your flooring - far more than just the flooring. Equipping yourself with the right tools (and the right amounts of each tool) will not only save you time and headaches, but it will also save you money.

Once you determine which moldings, underlayment and glue you need,
Click Here to use our online calculators to determine the exact amount.

Need to figure out how much flooring you need? Click here to view an article on Calculating the flooring you need.